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鍙戝竷鏃堕棿锛2018-10-23娴忚娆℃暟锛1602

     鍩轰簬瀵规晥鐜囥佸姛鑳姐佺伒娲绘у拰搴旂敤鎬х瓑澶氫釜鏂归潰鍥犵礌鐨勭患鍚堣冭檻姣旇緝锛 IETF 鍐冲畾鍦 IPv6 涓噰鐢 128 浣嶅浐瀹氶暱搴︾殑鍦板潃鏂规銆 

IPv6 鍦板潃鐨勮〃绀哄舰寮

    鐢ㄦ枃鏈柟寮忚〃绀虹殑 IPv6 鍦板潃鏈変笁绉嶈鑼冪殑褰㈠紡锛
    涓銆佷紭鍏堥夌敤鐨勫舰寮忔槸 X:X:X:X:X:X:X:X 锛屽叾涓 X 鏄 1 涓  16 浣嶅湴鍧娈电殑鍗佸叚杩涘埗鍊笺備緥濡傦細
    FEDC:BA98:7654:4210:FEDC:BA98:7654:3210
     2001:0:0:0:0:8:800: 201C : 417A
姣忎竴缁勬暟鍊煎墠闈㈢殑 0 鍙互鐪佺暐锛屽 0008 鍐欐垚 8

    浜屻佸湪鍒嗛厤鏌愮褰㈠紡鐨 IPv6 鍦板潃鏃讹紝浼氬彂鐢熷寘鍚暱涓 0 浣嶇殑鍦板潃銆備负浜嗙畝鍖栧寘鍚 0 浣嶅湴鍧鐨勪功鍐欙紝鍙互浣跨敤 鈥::鈥 绗﹀彿绠鍖栧涓 0 浣嶇殑  16 浣嶇粍銆 鈥::鈥 绗﹀彿鍦ㄤ竴涓湴鍧涓彧鑳藉嚭鐜颁竴娆°傝绗﹀彿涔熷彲浠ョ敤鏉ュ帇缂╁湴鍧涓墠閮ㄥ拰灏鹃儴鐨 0 銆備妇渚嬪涓嬶細
         FF01:0:0:0:0:0:0:101 澶氱偣浼犻佸湴鍧
        0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 鍥為佸湴鍧
         0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0 鏈寚瀹氬湴鍧
    鍙敤涓嬮潰鐨勫帇缂╁舰寮忚〃绀猴細
        FF01::101 澶氱偣浼犻佸湴鍧
         ::1 鍥為佸湴鍧
        :: 鏈寚瀹氬湴鍧

    涓夈佸湪娑夊強 IPv4 鍜 IPv6 鑺傜偣娣峰悎鐨勮繖鏍蜂竴涓妭鐐圭幆澧冪殑鏃跺欙紝鏈夋椂闇瑕侀噰鐢ㄥ彟涓绉嶈〃杈炬柟寮忥紝鍗 X:X:X:X:X:X:D.D.D.D  锛屽叾涓 X 鏄湴鍧涓 1 涓珮闃 16 浣嶆鐨勫崄鍏繘鍒跺硷紝 D 鏄湴鍧涓綆闃 8 浣嶅瓧娈电殑鍗佽繘鍒跺硷紙鎸夌収 IPv4 鏍囧噯琛ㄧず锛夈備緥濡傦細涓嬮潰涓ょ宓屽叆 IPv4  鍦板潃鐨 IPv6 鍦板潃銆
        0:0:0:0:0:0:202.201.32.29 宓屽叆 IPv4 鍦板潃鐨 IPv6 鍦板潃
         0:0:0:0:0:FFFF:202.201.32.30 宓屽叆 IPv4 鍦板潃鐨 IPv6 鍦板潃
    鍐欐垚鍘嬬缉褰㈠紡涓猴細
         ::202.201.32.29
        ::FFFF.202.201.32.30

    鍚屾椂锛孖Pv6 鐨勫湴鍧鎸夊鍧鏂瑰紡鍜屽姛鑳界殑涓嶅悓锛屽張鍙互鍒嗕负 3 绉嶅熀鏈被鍨嬶細
    涓銆佸崟鎾湴鍧锛 Unicast  锛夛紝鐢ㄦ潵鏍囪瘑涓涓崟鎺ュ彛銆傚彂閫佺粰涓涓崟鎾湴鍧鐨勫寘浼犻掑埌鐢辫鍦板潃鏍囪瘑鐨勬帴鍙d笂銆
    浜屻佷换鎰忕偣鎾湴鍧锛 Anycast  锛夛紝涓鑸垎閰嶇粰灞炰簬涓嶅悓鑺傜偣鐨勫涓帴鍙c傚彂閫佺粰涓涓换鎰忕偣鎾湴鍧鐨勫寘浼犻佸埌璇ュ湴鍧鏍囪瘑鐨勩佹牴鎹夎矾鍗忚璺濈搴﹂噺鏈杩戠殑涓涓帴鍙d笂銆
    涓夈佺粍鎾湴鍧锛  Multicast 锛夛紝涓鑸敤鏉ユ爣璇嗕笉鍚岃妭鐐圭殑涓缁勬帴鍙o紝鍙戦佺粰涓涓粍鎾湴鍧鐨勫寘浼犻佸埌璇ュ湴鍧鎵鏍囪瘑鐨勬墍鏈夋帴鍙d笂銆

銆銆IPv6 涓病鏈夊箍鎾湴鍧锛屽畠鐨勫姛鑳芥鍦ㄨ缁勬挱鍦板潃鎵浠f浛銆

銆銆鍦 IPv6 鍦板潃鏍煎紡涓紝浠讳綍鍏ㄢ 0 鈥濆拰鈥 1 鈥濈殑瀛楁閮芥槸鍚堟硶鍊笺傜壒鍒槸鍓嶇紑鍙互鍖呭惈鈥 0 鈥濆煎瓧娈垫垨浠モ 0 鈥濅负缁堢粨銆傚叾涓 ::1  鈥濆洖杩斿湴鍧锛屽叿鏈変竴涓洰鐨勫湴鍧涓哄洖杩斿湴鍧鐨勫寘涓嶅簲鍙戦佸嚭鍗曡妭鐐逛箣澶栵紝 IPv6 璺敱鍣ㄤ篃涓嶄細杞彂杩欐牱鐨勫寘锛涒 :: 锛堝嵆鍏 0  锛夆濅负鏈寚瀹氬湴鍧銆傚綋绉诲姩鑺傜偣杩斿洖瀹朵埂閾捐矾鏃讹紝鐢ㄨ繖涓湭鎸囧畾鍦板潃浣滀负婧愬湴鍧鏉ュ彂閫侀偦灞呰姹傝幏寰楀涔′唬鐞嗙殑閾捐矾灞傚湴鍧銆

銆銆鎵鏈夌被鍨嬬殑 IPv6 鍦板潃閮借鍒嗛厤鍒版帴鍙o紝鑰屼笉鏄妭鐐广備竴涓 IPv6  鍗曟挱鍦板潃灞炰簬鍗曚釜鎺ュ彛锛屽嵆灞炰簬鍗曚釜鑺傜偣銆傝屽叿鏈夊涓帴鍙g殑鑺傜偣锛屽垯鍙互鏈夊涓崟鎾湴鍧锛屽叾涓换浣曚竴涓兘鍙互鐢ㄤ綔璇ヨ妭鐐圭殑鏍囪瘑绗︼紝鑷冲皯鏈変竴涓摼璺湰鍦板湴鍧銆


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